Highlight pictures from our 2022 Special exhibition, Alfred Munnings: The Art of the Poster
As we approach re-opening for our new 2023 season, we look back at our special exhibition from last year, Alfred Munnings: The Art of the Poster. The exhibition presented a vibrant display of Munnings’ lesser known commercial designs, posters, black and white pictures and early paintings. The displays focused on the early influences on a young Munnings and his ability to capture the popular aesthetic of La Belle Epoque. In this post, we share some of the exhibition highlights….
‘Flower Girl, Violets’, c1904.
Oil on canvas, H 35.6 x W 45.7 cm
Munnings was immersed in a new city environment, inspired by trips to the theatre and the new people that he met. These influences can be seen in both his commercial and personal work.
This composition places the woman in the foreground while the busy Norwich ‘street life’ whirled around behind her.
Design for an Advert, ‘Colman’s Mustard’, 1890s.
Poster colour on paper, H 27.5 x W 43 cm.
The people of Norwich also inspired Munnings poster work. This design was never used.
Study of a Plaster Cast, ‘Camellia’, 1893.
Sepia wash on paper, H 38 x W 28 cm
This painting, of a plaster cast, shows the level of detail demanded by Munnings tutor, Gertrude Offord, of her students at Norwich School of Art.
This was Munnings’ examination piece.
Later in the first volume of his Autobiography ‘An Artists’ Life’ Munnings writes: “My artistic career began when my eyes were opened to all the never-ending wonders of perspective and light and shade”.
‘Lorna Doone’, c1898.
Pastel on paper, H 36 x W 17 cm
In 1897 Munnings joined the Norwich Art Circle. It is likely that he was introduced to the circle by Gertrude Offord. He worked hard to create paintings worthy of submission to their twice yearly exhibitions.
“… all my efforts were made with the hope that I might shine there and perhaps sell my work.”
Each May, the Norwich Art Circle held a unique exhibition of black and white works. Munnings was an avid reader, he was very familiar with the classic Victorian novelists and poets. Often his submissions to these black and white exhibitions were imagined scenes depicting heroes and heroines of literature, like this pastel work ‘Lorna Doone’.
Munnings was introduced to R.D. Blackmore’s novel Lorna Doone by a colleague at Page Bros.
Design for a Box Top, ‘Caley’s Cycling Crackers’, c1898.
Poster colour on paper, H 25 x W 20 cm
Munnings learnt to design posters and advertising during the 1890s, at this time the poster craze was in full bloom.Facilitated by lithography’s ability to mass produce designs, the streets of Paris, Milan and Berlin were turned into public art galleries, ushering in the modern age of advertising.
Lithography uses a simple chemical process on a flatplate of stone or metal to create an image. The positiveimage is drawn onto the surface of the plate with a waterrepellent medium like a wax crayon. A printing ink and water mixture is applied to the plate. The ink sticks to the positive image and the water cleans the rest away.
Cassie Jeweller, 1901.
Oil on canvas, H 163 x W 87 cm
Munnings used the local people that he knew as models for both his paintings and in his poster designs. The women are depicted in contemporary clothes with charming dresses, hats and attractive accessories.
Cassie Jeweller, Catherine Drummond Juler, posed for other Norwich artists as well as Munnings. Cassie is dressed in contemporary fashions dress signified by frilly sleeves, feathered hat and choker necklace.
‘Lady with a Rose’, 1899.
Poster colour on paper, H 269.3 x W 99 cm.
Painted at Mendham, this original poster design was entered into the Poster Academy at Crystal Palace where it won the silver medal in 1899.
Design for a Poster, ‘Caley’s Art Crackers’, c1898.
Lithograph, H 73 x W 100 cm
Design for a Poster, ‘Caley’s Crackers’ Design for a Poster, ‘Caley’s Crackers’, 1890s.
Lithograph, H 56 x W 44 cm
Repeatedly, Munnings used fairy-tale fantasy creatures to inspire his illustrations. Cleverly using this fashionable imagery to make a winning design.
The Victorian era witnessed the growing popularity and publication of fairy and fantastical tales. The fascination with subject was instigated by the publication of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll in 1865 which continued into the 20th century.
In this poster design for Caley’s Crackers, Munnings has used many of the typical fairylike imagery such as wings, pointed ears and toadstools.
Design for a Box Top, ‘Caley’s Deep Sea Crackers’, 1890s.
Lithograph, H 22.5 x W 19.5 cm
This cracker box top design includes the fantastical character of the mermaid.
Pierrette (Reclining Lady), 1898.
Poster colour on paper, H 133 x W 199 cm
Munnings’ use of historical costume is key to the character creation in his poster designs. One of his most recognisable motifs is the Pierrot. During the 1880s and 90s the Pierrot figure became popular once again and could be found across all the visual arts.
‘The Fancy Dress Ball’, 1901.
Oil on canvas, H 50.8 x W 30.8 cm
Here we get a glimpse of Munnings’ love of drama, costume and story-telling, as well as the strong influence of his adverting designs for Page Bros. It is also an example of Munnings’ exuberant use of colour and uninhibited, impressionistic, brush-work that were a feature of his painting in the early years of the 20th century.
Popular pierot and pierrette costumes were a fancy dress favourite of the 1890s and early 1900s. The costumes were easy to make and fit to a variety of sizes, using cheap and commercially available fabrics.
‘A Lady Seated in a Park’, 1903.
Oil on canvas, H 40.6 x W 30.5 cm
Many of Munnings’ poster designs feature characters in Georgian costume. Munnings’ had a great fascination with the Georgian period. He refers to this in his autobiography: “This was the period of costume that I liked best of all.”
‘The Solo’, 1899.
Poster colour on cloth backed paper, H 193 x W 173 cm
Chosen from amongst 240 entries at the Poster Academy at Crystal Palace in London this design, of a man in Georgian costume playing a cello, won the gold medal.
Short of money, he sold the medal for six gold sovereigns and spent the money on a celebratory dinner. He later regretted parting with the prize but was unable to retrieve it.
We now look forward to our 2023 special exhibition, ‘Alfred Munnings: Colour and Light’ which opens on Wednesday 5th April 2023 along with over 200 more paintings and drawings charting the life and career of Sir Alfred Munnings. We look forward to welcoming you back for our new season!